Many women may be hesitant to take medications for their ADHD. As a woman myself, I know it's not easy to trust the medical profession. But it's important to know that medicine is one of the most effective ways to help yourself with the impact of ADHD. I'll explain a little on this page about what I know about ADD medications and give you some tools to help you communicate with your doctor and take control of monitoring and managing your medications if you choose to take them. Everything I have learned about ADHD medications I learned from Carolyn Lentzsch-Parcells, MD. I have been to workshops that she has conducted, the most recent at the 2020 International Conference on ADHD Strong Minds Healthy Lives. November 5-7.
There are different kinds of formulations of methylphenidates. The formulations vary in how long the meds last and the time frames that they are released. They both block dopamine from being taken back up and being used, so the brain's lack of dopamine is corrected
Depending on this, the medications in this category can vary dramatically in how well they work and what kinds of side effects they have.
There are two different kinds of Methylphenidates. Short- acting and long- acting.
Short-acting methylphenidates begin to act in 30 minutes and last approximately 3- 5 hours. Because these drugs would usually need to be taken several times a day to manage your symptoms, they aren't usually prescribed for someone with ADHD. So why would they be prescribed, you might ask? Doctors will often prescribe these as booster in the afternoon or if medication isn't lasting all day for some reason. Some people have slow metabolisms that wont tolerate longer acting medications. In this case they might need short acting methylphenidates.
Extended- release methylphenidates are the preferred first line of treatment for ADHD. There are many choices ! The pills vary in how much medicine is released and when. Usually, they begin to work within 20-60 minutes. The response to the drug will vary by person. What you have for breakfast and how much you have can also impact when this medicine will work. It will usually last 12 hours. It is released in about 2-3 doses per day. The cost can be prohibitive without insurance.
Attention Deficit Medication for Adults: Amphetamines
Unlike methylamphetamines, amphetamines correct dopamine deficiency by increasing dopamine release from neurons.
The types of amphetamines each have different formulations. They vary by when the dosing is released and how long it lasts, and also when it is released.
Most of the side effects of amphetamines are the same as stimulants, although weight loss is more of a challenge than with stimulants. There are also both short-acting and long-acting amphetamines.
The short-acting amphetamine is Adderall. It comes in a generic, is affordable, available in different formats and works quickly. Like short-acting stimulants, it rarely used unless it complements another medication or is prescribed for someone with an atypical metabolism.
The most common long-acting amphetamines' are Adderall or Dexedrine and Vyvanse. The side effects are the same as with the other amphetamines. The person taking these drugs may have some emotional difficulty when they are wearing off.
Adderall and Dexedrine vary but how much medication is released and the drug formulation. Vyvanse has a different drug formulation.
Guanfacine and Clonidine (also know as Intuniv and Kapvay in generic form )
These two drugs are old blood pressure medicines. They help calm down the flight or fight response. Specifically, they seem to target hyperactivity, impulsivity, irritability, aggression, sleep, and emotional regulation.
Although they are not as good for focus and attention, they can be used as adjuncts to the stimulants.
These medications also help with sleep and tics. They take up to two weeks to work, and the longer-acting versions can last for 12 -24 hours.
Strattera and Atomoxetine Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI's)
These are longer-acting non-stimulants taken once a day. They are not as effective as stimulants and are sometimes given in addition to stimulants.
They can cause:
Sometimes your doctor might prescribe Wellbutrin ( Buproprion) or other tricyclic antidepressants. They can help with the depression or anxiety that so often accompanies ADHD.